"The bible teaches that women had NO access to God--except through the
[Note: This is a simple summary of the detailed data in the syllabus.
Refer there for sources/discussion. Updated: 01/02/97]
So WS:TCP:179: "This new order [the OT male priesthood] under the all-powerful
God proclaimed to the Hebrews and to all those who took the Bible as their
moral and religious guide that women cannot speak to God."
This incredible quote, by a respected scholar, is amazing. Compare that
with just SOME of the OT records of women 'violating' this principle (before
AND after the priesthood was instituted):
Before the Levitical priesthood...
God and Hagar have a dialog in the desert (Gen 21)
God listened to Leah's prayers, and Rachel's (Gen 29-30)
Rebekah inquired of the Lord, and He answered her (Gen 25)
God spoke directly to females (Gen 16.17ff; 21.17-19)
Under the Levitical priesthood...
God heard Hannah's special prayer (I Sam 1.27)
The wife of Manoah had several interactions with YHWH/Angel of YHWH (Jud
Deborah was a prophetess and SPOKE FOR YHWH (getting messages FROM Him)
Miriam was also a prophetess (Ex 15)
God had direct interaction with a widow (I kgs 17.9)
Huldah, as a prophetess, also received direct communications from God (2
Now, the above cases were situations in which women interacted verbally
with God--directly. There are so many more cases in which they were major
participants in the OT cult--without it looking like they were any
different than the other non-Levitical males.
There just doesn't seem to be any data to support 'restricted access'
to God--and plenty of cases in which it occurred (and was encouraged, e.g.