Location

Comment

Keywords

Bible

DateAdded

lev:001:003

male without defect would have been rare, and thus a sign of trust on the part of the offerer than God would provide another perfect animal for breeding (males were only kept for breeding in the flocks)

trust,sacrifice

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:004:003

a young bull would have been a small one

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:004:003

the nature of this representative is solely determined by covenant, not blood. The israelites were NOT the descendants of Aaron. The imputation was STRICTLY a reality because of God's assertion and/or ordination of the relationship. One man can die for the sins of another man ONLY IF God 'says so'!

atonement, substitute

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:004:003

This is the principle of Federated/Representative Headship. The actions of the one are imputed to the other-many. In this case, the sin of Aaron would be imputed to the guilt of Israel. In the case of the Cross, the death of the One could be imputed to the many, as could His righteousness and His vindication by resurrection. Hurray!

representation, substitute, Cross, atonement

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:004:003

this passage alone illustrates the legality of Christ's dieing for the sins of others.

substitute, cross

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:004:004

the 'rash oath release' applied to oaths for BAD as well!

vows, oaths

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:004:005

The person sinned by MAKING the vow, NOT BY NOT fulfilling it! (the opposite in considered vows)

vows, oaths

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:004:014

same 'young/small' bull as verse 3

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:005:001

it is sometimes a sin to keep quiet, when the information you have is off public importance

sin, omission

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:005:004

rash vows were 'reclaimable'--Jephthah didnt have to follow through on his vow about his daughter! Did no one tell him (e.g., any priests/Levites around during this sacrifice???) about this?

vows, Jephthah, sacrifice

HCSB(NRSV)

2003-02-16

lev:005:016

sins of omission required restitution too!

omission, sin

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:005:018

the forgiveness for the sins of ignorance was NOT automatically applied UNTIL (a) he knew it; and (b) the sacrifice was made. Somehow, the agent became aware that his action was sinful..

forgiveness, ignorance

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:006:001

these sins are called 'violations against YHWH': deceiving a trusting neighbor, cheating, lying about found property, extortion

social ethics, community, solidarity

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:006:002

xlate: 'acts perversely against ADONAI by dealing falsely with this neighbor'--a crime against a neighbor is a crime against God

social, justice, ethics

CJB

2003-02-16

lev:006:013

the word for 'continuously' is NOT olam, but tamid

eternal

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:007:015

each day is new--to enjoy fresh blessings from God

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:007:016

but a vow (more serious than just an expression of thankfulness) could be celebrated longer (meat the next day), perhaps reflecting the longer term value of these in the life and character of the individual

vow, sacrifice

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:008:003

all the people saw the ordination (and the bad fire of Aaron's kids)

leadership

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:008:017

God provided the materials Himself, for the offering! (the great cycle: God gives to us, we respond by sharing back, He blesses by sharing more...just like community is supposed to work!)

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:010:003

leadership always has a visible dimension, 'be not many of you teachers, for...' (james)

leadership

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:010:003

i cannot find this quote anywhere earlier, even though it forms the basis for the judgment on Moses and Aaron in Num 20 too

OTNOT

HCSB(NRSV)

2003-02-16

lev:010:003

the principle is sobering: the closer you wish to get to God, the more 'visible' the relationship becomes to the outside world. It takes on a revelatory character, that God manages more 'closely' than He does to 'ordinary', more distant relationships

sanctification

HCSB(NRSV)

2003-02-16

lev:010:019

God's law obviously had SOME flex in it...

law

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:012:006

after childbirth, the woman brings the sacrifice--NOT the man. The woman has independent access to God in the OT

women

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:014:014

the cleansing of the 'leper' was like that for the High Priest (ear, thumb, toe)

cleansing

CJB

2003-02-16

lev:014:029

Atonement in this case required more than sacrifice. there was an anointing step too.

atonement

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:014:034

I put a mildew'--direct causation, requiring ritual action. Was this for pedagogy?

sovereignty, trials

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:015:012

a man/woman with discharge couldnt handle pots (implies women were exempt from table duties during their period)

women

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:015:018

After intercourse, the couple is 'unclean' and can participate in little/no work, social, or religious activities. This looks a little like a good-hearted God's 'contrivance' to get them to spend a little time TOGETHER in an UNDISTRACTED mode...?!

marriage

HCSB(NRSV)

2003-02-16

lev:016:017

the most important transaction in the life of the nation was something that went on between one man and God, hidden from view. All heaven and earth were involved in that awesome interchange--the Cross: Jesus and the Father...for the whole world and the cleansing of the heavenlies

substitute, atonement, representative

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:016:020

atonement in this case was removal of uncleanness from the Most Holy Place, due to contamination from without.

atonement, sanctification

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:016:021

this confession of all of Israel's sins MUST have been with 'generics' and not an exhaustive catalog of detailed, individual sins--this opens up a possibility that the Cross could have functioned the same way: a sacrifice for the 'category'(?) of human sin, without being a 'particular' or even 'detailed' sacrificial payment? This DOA ritual might be useful in theologically thinking about the Cross in a new way?

atonement

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:016:024

cleansing before consecration (clean up--but perfection not needed-- before ministry...)

consecration, sanctification

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:016:031

the DoAtonement was a 'sabbath', no matter what day it actually fell on.

sabbath

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:017:014

dont eat life itself...

ZNSB(NASB)

2003-02-16

lev:017:015

Not all uncleanness required sacrifice for resolution--just 'time off'/ exclusion worked sometimes

sacrifice

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:018:003

here is a specific command to be counter-culture (not all cultures are 'good')

protest, counterculture

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:018:003

not to walk in their praxis (ways) or law/principles (statues). A clean life, but holding to bad principles, is just as bad.

ethics

ESV

2003-02-16

lev:018:008

the way this is worded looks like a polygamous context (wife, not 'mother')

polygamy

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:019:012

this is against falsehood, not against swearing per se.

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:019:015

Economic status is not supposed to be considered relevant in a court of law!

status, elitism, justice

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:019:017

the rebuking a neighbor: the sin of immoral silence entails a sharing of guilt!!! (time to start demonstrating again?!)

omission, protest

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:019:017

group dynamics create group ethics and obligations

social ethics

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:019:018

Golden Rule-ish

NT2

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:019:022

the violated servant girl didnt sin--only the man needed to bring a guilt offering.

women

ZNSB(NASB)

2003-02-16

lev:019:030

revere the sanctuary: LAWCHANGE? (ark2temple2exile)

LAWCHANGE

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:019:034

empathy, solidarity, identity

solidarity, empathy

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:020:003

some crimes against people are also very serious crimes against God

solidarity

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:020:004

ignoring and/or not admitting evil is a social crime too

omission, protest, dishonesty

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:020:013

this homosexual statement is the second mention of the principle, and does not seem to occur in a possibly-religious-ritual context. This seems to be included in just a list of 'sexual sins', and NOT in 'sex-as-religious-ritual sins'.

homosexuality

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:020:024

this is a different word for 'set apart' than the normal, kadesh word. (also in vss 25,26)

sanctification

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:021:006

food of god' is not 'food eaten/for God', but 'food belonging to God' (and given to the priests)

pagan

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:021:009

Prostitution dishonors the girls father; but in 19.29 it degrades HER (when the father makes her do it!)

women

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:021:009

The priest was supposed to kill his daughter, but God Himself would actually kill their sons who did this (cf. eli's horrible kids in 1Sam)

women

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:021:015

some of these prostitution/widow/divorced women marriage prohibs deals with the legal inheritance status of potential offspring, and not actual moral values per se. 

women

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:021:021

the handicapped were only prohibited from performing the actual physical routines (perhaps a practical matter of the process of animal slaughter?), but they were NOT excluded from either the MOST holy food or the 'regular' Holy food

handicapped

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:021:021

This applied to those who were infirm from BIRTH, as well as those who BECAME infirm during their lifetime.

handicapped

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:022:002

no 'holier than thou'--the priests were supposed to treat the offerings of the commonfolk with respect

elitism, social, equality

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:022:012

a priest's daughter could marry outside of the line of Aaron--could they also marry outside of the clan of Levi (theoretically)?

marriage

ESV

2003-02-16

lev:022:015

the priests were supposed to 'oppose' the people, to keep the people from getting into trouble 

protest, omission

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:022:016

if guilt-repayment often had a 'mutiplier' (four-fold) or 'penalty' ('add a fifth to it'), does this mean that the Cross was even heavier than the 'base guilt' of our failures and treacheries?

Cross, penalty

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:022:016

guilt requires repayment.

judgment, penaly

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:022:023

imperfect animals were alright for some offerings, but not for others. And probably the 'infirm' were also okay for various aspects of non-sacrificial priestly service, i bet.

handicapped

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:022:025

buying sacrificial animals from foreign traders

trade

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:022:032

you make ME ethically different in the eyes of the world; i should reflect YOUR ethical difference before the world (as the cause of mine!)

sanctification

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:023:032

the day is defined here as from sundown to sundown

day

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:024:008

the shewbread ordinance ITSELF is called an 'everlasting covenant' (berit olam)...? (but in the context, next verse, of it being a gift to aaron)

eternal, law

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:024:010

case of intermarriage (Is, Egyt)

marriage

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:024:016

this man called curses upon God, so God called curses down on him--through His community. Lex Talionis

talionis

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:024:017

the way this is in parallel to verse 18 is odd. restitution is made in verse 18 by replacing the dead sheep with a live one. But in verse 18 (although 'restitution' is not mentioned) it is the death of the second 'agent' that clears up the problem. Also in verse 21.

restitution

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:024:021

we are different from animals...

animals

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:025:010

Restoration, equalization, lateralization

restitution, restoration

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:025:010

How was this supposed to work 10k years later, when the population was much, much larger? LAWCHANGE?

lawchange

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:025:010

Jubilee mean a complete removal of 'status'. The rich became regular; the poor became regular. it was not REVERSAL, except in a figurative sense. Distance should have disappeared...

status, social

HCSB(NRSV)

2003-02-16

lev:025:020

the word for 'permanence' is NOT olam

eternal

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:025:023

the land never did really BELONG to the Jews, their possession of it was a divine grant to covenant tenants!

land, Israel, covenant

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:025:023

'permanently' is NOT the word 'olam'

eternal

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:025:030

does the reference to 'walled cities' make this law designed for change? LAWCHANGE?

lawchange

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:025:037

selling food to the poor at cost (instead of free, or at a profit), presumes they borrowed money at no-interest

social ethics, poor

CJB

2003-02-16

lev:026:007

if Israel had been perfectly obedient, there STILL would have been (unsuccessful) enemy attacks. These would have been quite disruptive of life (requiring a 'chase'). So why do i expect my Christian life to be free from attacks and 'war'?!

trials

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:026:012

this chapter (and this verse) are CONDITIONAL--based on the stipulations of verse 3...

covenant

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16

lev:026:015

disobedience was symptomatic of 'hatred' for God's law

disobedience

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:026:025

dual sov purpose: the sword would have been intended one way by the sword-bearing nation, but another way by YHWH, as he exercises 'vengeance' (legal/royal correction) to covenant treachery and disloyalty

sovereignty

ZNSB(NASB)

2003-02-16

lev:026:025

the word choices of 'violate the covenant' (Israel) and 'vengeance of the covenant' are words related to cessation of a treaty, not simple 'correction'.

covenant

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:026:040

the 'treachery' word is a word of covenant breaking

covenant

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:026:041

in exile, they pay for their sin by 'misery, wastage' , and deprivation of blessings (not by death, hell, torture). The context seems to indicate that they are re-paying 'the land' by not being able to 'work it'.

restitution, penalty, atonement

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:026:043

two parts: 'relief/recompense' to the violated (the land) and 'restitution/amends' by exile (lower than normal). They were higher-than-normal by exploiting the land. now balance will be restored by their deprivation in exile, and the land's 'rest' from ANY usage.

restitution

ZNSB(NASB)

2003-02-16

lev:026:044

after they violate the Mosaic Covenant, God remembers the Abrahamic covenant (NOT the mosaic one!--this is confirmed further in vss 44-45) as the basis for restoring them. What does this imply about the status of the mosaic covenant during/after the exile?

covenant

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:027:004

these 'shekel'-based vss imply a LAWCHANGE when the value of the shekel changes

lawchange

HebIntr

2003-02-16

lev:027:008

the vow requiring payment was flexible for the poor--they were allowed to do this, and the priests could set the value according to their poverty. This would allow women, and women-constrained-by-marriage to make such vows!

poor, women

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-02-16




The Christian ThinkTank...[http://www.Christian-thinktank.com] (Reference Abbreviations)