Location

Comment

Keywords

Bible

DateAdded

exo:001:005

The 70 of the Massoretic text is odd--the LXX and the DSS have 75 (as does the NT)


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:001:007

The 'filled the land' phrase is identical to Gen 1.28

promise

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:001:011

This is not the normal 'ebed' word for slaves, but the 'forced labor' word.

slavery

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:002:012

Moses 'glanced around'--he KNEW it was a 'questionable' act in the eyes of others (esp. the Egyptians)--he apparently assumed the Israelites would 'approve' of his defense of them.

Moses

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:003:001

Moses had to learn a new skill, and one that was a 'despised trade' in Egypt!

humility

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:003:018

they will listen to you'--just this once!


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:004:003

at first blush, this miracle looks like transmutation of matter and/or animation of wood. ?

miracle

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:004:019

More than just Pharaoh wanted Moses dead--was his unpopularity widespread to begin with (perhaps anti-Semitic?)

Moses

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:005:008

P. slanders Israel--attributes their religious motive to be one of laziness. Why would P. spin it this way, unless his heart was already against the Jew?

Slander

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:005:023

Moses thought God's promise of rescue would be easy, swift, and a one-act-play! Why did Moses (and us!) construe God's deliverance this way, when it often involves a simultaneous growth process??

Providence, deliverance

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:006:006

This freedom WAS from an ebed-type of servitude.

slavery, redeem

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:006:014

From here on in the story, the Israelites and their leaders play NO PART until the passover...all deliverance/work is done by God, in 'cooperation with' Moses and Aaron.

Redemption

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:006:020

Moses' dad was married to his cousin (moses' aunt). This wasnt incest apparently.

incest

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:007:001

YHWH made Moses a rival 'god' (elohim) to Pharaoh (who was the supreme god of Egypt)


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:007:001

Aaron was a prophet (spokesman) for Moses 'the god unto Pharaoh'. Prophets were more spokespersons than prediction-agents.

prophecy

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:007:004

'acts of judgment'--NOT 'acts of battle' (it was God judging Egypt for its treatment of Israel--any maybe other 'vile asiatics', to use their term--and NOT simply a 'rebellion' )

Exodus, Egypt

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:007:022

NRSV uses the word 'so' when describing how Pharaoh responded to the counterfeit miracles. Since his own magi could due the same type of miracle, he therefore ('so') hardened his own heart. Counterfeits DO tend to make people cynical and/or unresponsive to the true version...

evidence, counterfeits

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:007:022

effect of the miracle 'de-mystified by deceit'...

deceit

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:007:024

any water in contact with air was effected, apparently--subterranean water was okay to drink. (Spread by air?)


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:008:004

The magicians could 'MAKE' frogs, but they obviously could not REMOVE them--or Pharaoh wouldnt have called for Moses to do so (via prayer to God, no less!). P. SEEMS to be learning the truth, but is mixed in his motives and cannot break out of his 'hardening' spiral.

revelation

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:008:009

The frogs died and stank--not HOPPED away--so the people were confronted with the vivid evidence of YHWH's power in a different (and sensorily-priviledged...smile) way.

revelation, evidence

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:008:011

Some people give thanks when they get relief--Pharaoh responded with hard-heartedness instead...

Pharaoh

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:008:011

When P's 'proxied prayer' was answered, he reverted to type. He wasnt changed by the answered prayer, as a believer might be.

prayer, evidence, response

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:008:018

in the midst of the land'--YHWH is not limited to a territory, nor is He 'not allowed to practice sovereignty' in P's territory!

sovereignty

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:008:019

between 'my and your' people--a strong statement of 'rival gods', with responsibility to their respective peoples.

sovereignty

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:008:025

Moses confronted P with his duplicity --it was very explicit to P at this point. And it involved 'breaking agreements'--treachery and untrustworthiness

treachery, duplicity

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:009:007

Unlike previous plagues, P's response was flawed by his own heart--he didnt even try to 'wiggle out'--he just remained obdurate.

interpretation, worldview

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:009:015

It wasnt simply a 'battle', because God specifically states that He could have wiped Egypt off the face of the earth (and tells Pharoah that).


ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:009:016

They translate this better: 'for this reason I kept you alive'--'spared your life'-- (instead of 'raised you up')

Pharaoh

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:009:016

marginal note says 'have spared you' (as alternate translation for 'raised you up')

election

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:009:017

still'--in the face of MASSIVE, unambiguous evidence!--P is 'against Israel'...did his hate for the Jews run THAT deep?

hatred, pharaoh

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:009:017

It was about arrogant exploitation, after all: 'You are still exalting yourself against my people...'

arrogance, judgment

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:009:019

the warning was VERY clear

revelation, warning

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:009:019

And STILL God gave P (and his officials and their friends and so on and so on done the chain of communication!) a chance to respond in 'self-centered faith' (smile).

faith, offer, opportunity

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:009:019

Faith was required and deliverance offered to the Egyptians in this plague (and some of the nobles had 'believed' by then!--it was 'working' by then--cf. verse 20)

Faith

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:009:020

Some of the officials had learned and accepted this message... and they acted accordingly

faith

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:010:011

Pharaoh tried to 'negotiate' with God, on the basis of a slur/slander of His people! ('you are bent on evil'!)

Projection, mistrust

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:010:014

never again'--would this mean that 'never' is not 'never' always, or that the locusts of Revelation are not biological entities?

locusts

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:011:002

sovereign re-distribution of wealth

economics

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:012:027

bowed..' They FINALLY repeat what they did at first, but this time with no doubt greater conviction. [At least a LITTLE more.]

faith, experience

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:012:033

More than just the officials wanted Israel to leave.


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:012:039

The Israelites had no provisions for themselves--does this mean they didnt actually BELIEVE that the passover judgment would 'work'?

Faith, unbelief

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:012:043

solidarity of all circumsized, regardless of ethnicity

equality

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:012:044

circumsized gentiles (including purchased servants) could participate in the central community-defining ritual!

Inclusiveness

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:012:044

cultural integration was more than just economic

community

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:012:048

shared fortunes, attraction to Israel's life

community

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:013:001

The firstborn was declared 'Mine' by YAHWEH at the passover, and some He killed and some He didnt. And this was not just the firstborn-of-that-time... it apparently was operative for continued generations.

Substitution

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:013:012

all firstborn males => impartiality

equality

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:013:015

The ritual pattern reflects the fact that YOU redeemed the firstborn FROM YOUR OWN JUDGMENT.

redemption

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:013:017

They were armed (v18), but afraid of war.

fear

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:014:004

Using an arrogant leader to unwittingly 'benefit'--through the consequences of his arrogant and foolish actions-- his people with a knowledge of God...

sovereignty, causes

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:014:004

apparently ALL the Egyptians had not gotten the message yet (even with some of the larger scale plagues), but this last plague would ensure the word would get around through the populace.

message

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:014:012

Under duress and confusion, they (like me) were ready to settle for less and used a convenient, false dichotomy to polarize and over-simplify the options and situation!

slander

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:014:017

this hardening looks like an 'emboldening', concerning the risk of entering the parted-sea. Not actually a pure-decision, but a continuation of a trajectory already in motion (i.e., they were chasing them already).

sovereignty, will, hardening

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:014:021

God used natural means, in an unnatural way, and at an unnatural time--to do this miracle. What a mix...

miracle, nature

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:015:008

The word used for the water is something like 'congealed' (peaceful, low motion, but unstable).

miracle

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:015:009

The portrait of the enemy is one of boasting arrogance, and 'gorging' on the Israelites!

hatred

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:015:012

The sea swallowed them, but the passage can use the term for 'the earth' for this.

imagery

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:015:013

'your holy dwelling'--did Moses assume that the promises to the Fathers of giving them the Land, meant that God 'dwelled there' in a special sense? Or is this a reference to Mt. Sinai?


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:015:016

dread and terror fall'--just like on the Egyptians (and we see this in the Conquest narratives)

conquest

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:016:028

Torah is used here BEFORE the (mosaic) law was given. It refers to the manna instructions, which 'expired' forty years later. Some aspects of torah seem to 'expire'.

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:016:029

Here is one of those 'odd' conjunctions of 'YHWH said to moses...that YHWH gave...'. This unmarked 'shift' from 1st-to-third person references to YHWH is part of the data 'suggestive of' plurality within the one God.

trinity

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:016:032

There was supposed to be a bucket of manna in the tabernacle for all 'generations'. If this torah/law was 'eternal', why didnt God give them some more manna when they returned from captivity? This commandment could obviously NOT be kept without His empowerment (several times).

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:016:034

The Testimony wasnt given until later, but this reference looks to be a summary, telescoping statement anyway (vs 35 already knows the time frame for eating the manna)

anachronism

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:017:002

This time they quarreled instead of grumbled! But after Moses speaks to them, THEN they grumble.


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:017:007

Their question 'Is YHWH among us or not?' was NOT a legitimate question, but was a direct 'testing' of God! Almost an attempt at manipulation...


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:017:014

This incident was written in a book--for the people to remember.


ZNSB(NAS)

2003-01-09

exo:018:010

Jethro had already heard of the Exodus before Moses got there!

Exodus

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:018:012

Jethro is probably a polytheist (perhaps converted now to henotheism?), but this didnt stop Moses and Co. from including him in some form of pre-Sinai sacrifices and covenant feast.

inclusive

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:018:016

torah here is pre-Sinai law. how detailed is it? does it include ALL that God is about to reveal to moses? (probably not. this means that 'torah' can vary in content.)

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:019:005

the mosaic 'law' was a covenant. (or, IN a covenant)

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:019:009

God did a miracle so the people would trust in Moses as their leader

Moses, leadership

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:019:009

They were supposed to trust in Moses 'always' (olam word), and Jesus said Moses 'spoke of him' ...cf John 1.45; esp. John 5.46)


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:019:013

the sanctity of the mountain was 'contagious'

Holiness

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:019:022

Pre-Sinai, Pre-law priests

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:020:010

the sabbath restriction on animal work implied that even HIRED labor of any 'scale' would also stop.

sabbath

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:020:016

The Ten Commandments had a reference to a law court in it (legal processes are not 'inherently evil' ...smile).

legal

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:020:020

Instead of killing by His voice (as other deities were reputed to have done), God came close to His people for their good--God is DIFFERENT from other 'gods'

God, difference, holy

ZNSB(NAS)

2003-01-09

exo:021:002

the very first law God gave them was about limitations on semi-slavery!

slavery

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:006

the word for 'master' here is a plural form of Adonai, showing that the 'plural of majesty' could also apply to human individuals. The plural form did NOT imply 'plurality' in the human, of course!

trinity

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:010

God sets a limit on one of the abuses possible (common?) in polygamy

polygamy, slavery

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:013

permissive will: the text states clearly--'if God allows it to happen...'

sovereignty, freedom, cause

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:021

This verse is in parallel to verses 18-19. If two people fight but no one dies, the aggressor is punished by having to pay for the victim's lost economic time. If it is a person's slave and this occurs, there is no (additional) economic payment--the lost productivity of the wounded servant is (economic) loss alone. There was no punishment for the actual damage done to the free-person in 18-19, and the slave seems to be treated in the same fashion. Thus, the 'property' attribute doesnt seem to suggest a real difference in ethical treatment of injury against a servant.

slavery

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:029

The owner was killed, for not exercising control over causal chains (under his control), but fines were accepted in some cases.

responsibility

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:030

This sets a redemption-by-substitute (in this case, the substitute is a demanded payment of indeterminate value) precedent. Redemption of the truly guilty is accordingly present and possible in the Mosaic Law (and hence, is not unthinkable in NT Judaism, obviously)

redemption, substitution, Cross

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:021:033

Failure to take precautions and preventions can be a sin. (Especially relevant today in sexual temptation?)

Prevention, planning, precaution, temptation

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:022:001

God will recompense the victims with more than they lost (also verse 4)... I suspect this is a part of how the 'real' theodicy will work... The effects of evil will be dwarfed by God's recompense on (at least some of) the 'little folk' victims of the world.

theodicy, recompense, retribution

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:022:005

again, culpability for those in control of could-go-wrong causal chains (firestarter)

responsibility

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:022:010

Communities are fundamentally based on trust...

community, honesty, trust

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:022:021

This was a case in which the male could be killed WITHOUT having to kill the rest of the family--there were social support structures for widows/orphans in Israel (e.g., the tithe and harvest laws).

social support

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:023:001

at this point i noticed that the laws so far were community-values and social justice laws!

community, justice

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:001

This is not only do not 'start slander' but also do not 'spread it'!

slander

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:023:002

not after the crowds'--almost a call to passive resistance (in civil matters?) A call to individual conscience. To what extent is civil disobedience entailed here?

civil disobedience, social justice, conformity

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:005

This ethic approaches the NT 'love your enemy' ethic.

love

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:006

Just as one is not supposed to 'favor' the poor in judgment (v3), neither is the poor to be denied justice in legal settings. The community is supposed to be egalitarian.

community, equality, social justice

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:008

bribe equals bias--and leads to self-centered reasoning and skewed 'weights' upon individual arguments!

bias, honesty, objectivity, bribes

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:009

this argument is based on empathy! (so like Jesus!)

empathy

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:011

was the land-sabbath JUST for the poor?!

poor, sabbath

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:012

The Sabbath was meant for 'renewal', not as a burden! (This verse makes it sound like the rest is MOSTLY intended for the servants and hard-labor types--so THEY get some break-time).

Sabbath, rest, workers

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:023:015

no empty hands'--ALL were supposed to contribute to the feast and celebration! Everyone had a stake and was a 'contributor' to the super pot-luck supper!

community

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:020

the place prepared'--cf. John 14 (yes!)


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:022

it was conditional...

covenant

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:026

long life' still implies death.

death

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:023:030

Their conquest is not worded in terms of 'empire' or 'world domination'! God was only interested in giving them their 'own, safe place'.

Conquest

ZNSB(NAS)

2003-01-09

exo:024:005

offerings are before the forms given in Leviticus. There have been such all through these narratives (cf. the Jethro feast again). did the Torah change any of these?

sacrifice, torah, law

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:024:011

a covenant feast with the elders and God

community, covenant

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:024:011

The nobles were invited to the covenant feast (and they did NOT die).

Covenant

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:025:002

the only criteria was that of willingness and freedom!

heart

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:025:038

the gold used in the tabernacle was given by the Israelites, but it was given to them by God (via the Egyptians)

giving

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:025:040

The pattern 'shown' on the mountain. The instructions were NOT simply verbal, but were also visual. (this forms part of the argument of Hebrews, about the 'better, heavenly' things.)


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:025:040

the pattern for the Tabernacle was visual ('shown on the mountain'), not merely verbal.


HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:026:001

These laws are about the tabernacle, which was temporary! (The ark stayed on in the Temple, but NOT the other external features of the tabernacle). This means that Torah (even the Mosaic expression of Torah/Law) can accommodate large-scale changes. The law is 'eternal', but it is not 'frozen'.

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:026:025

Sometimes Your instructions are VERY detailed, other times they seem to leave it up to 'us' (e.g., what the features of the face of the cherubim looked like EXACTLY).

guidance

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:026:030

this is the third time the 'pattern shown on the mountain' is mentioned (at least the third time). The earthly is not the 'real One'.


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:027:007

Torah contained laws about moving the Ark/Tabernacle. This would have also 'changed' during Temple times.

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:027:021

olam' (everlasting) ordinance: lamps burning inside the (temporary) Tent of Meeting. What does 'everlasting' mean in such a usage? Without interruption? Until some 'overriding end'?

law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:028:029

olam (everlasting, v30) seems to be used parallel to tamid (continual).

eternal

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:028:038

God's provision for our best (but often flawed in execution or intention) efforts to serve Him.


HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:029:008

Aaron and his sons were ordained at the same time.

priesthood

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:029:033

They had to eat FROM the sacrifices that made atonement for them. A figure of participating in the death of the sacrifice--a la John 6 again...

Sacrifice

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:029:043

Israel was made holy/different by the presence ('glory') of the Lord! Not by their own efforts, goodness, obedience, etc...God makes us different, but His being in our lives and at the 'center of our camp' (smile)

sanctification

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:030:010

The text says that Aaron was to do this 'throughout the generations' (this would mean either that Aaron would live forever--unlikely--or that the 'eternal law' might 'allow' for changes in it.) It also shows a person can represent his/her descendants.

Law, eternal

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:030:015

equality

equality

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:030:021

Those cleansed by the blood of sacrifices needed only to wash their hands and feet before serving--compare Jesus' words in John 13.10

Cleansing

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:030:026

the Ark itself was anointed ...


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:030:033

Incense restriction: so that the aroma would ALWAYS evoke thoughts of God?

meditation, ritual

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:031:004

You selected the artisans by NAME, and they were not 'holy' folk, but you wanted THEIR drummer-boy-quality work in YOUR place.

work

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:031:012

Moses is instructed by God to speak for Him in the 1st person (prophetic style)

Prophecy

HCSB (NRSV)

2003-01-09

exo:032:013

swore by Yourself'--like the argument in Hebrews...'by none greater'


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:032:028

after this major of a betrayal, only 3k died in the plague?! This is a mercifully low number...


HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:032:028

only 3,000 died?! Most of the other judgments were much larger. Was God extra lenient on them, since they were first starting out? And perhaps they didn't know 'much better' this early?

Leniency

CJB

2003-01-09

exo:032:029

household division over life-critical covenant loyalty to God--a perennial problem. 'A man's enemies will be those of his household'...

priorities

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:032:032

Moses pleaded with God to accept him as a substitute -- the notion of substitution (one person dying for another's sin) cannot have been THAT alien a thought in their culture (similar to the replacement offers of Judah in the Joseph story), even though God did not allow it in this case.

substitute

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:034:010

God calls this a 'covenant'

covenant, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:034:016

Wives obviously are recognized as being able to influence their Jewish husbands...smile

family

ZNSB(NIV)

2003-01-09

exo:034:024

God will exercise sovereignty over people's 'desires', in certain cases. We are to obey in TRUST of His omincompetent protection.

sovereignty

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:034:027

The covenant was made 'in accordance with' the commandments. The words (dabar) of the covenant were the 'ten words' (dabar).

covenant, law, torah

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:035:018

more (temporary?) instructions in the Torah? (tent pegs)

torah, law

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:035:034

the gift of teaching?

teaching

HebIntr

2003-01-11

exo:037:016

no sizes given on many of these items--left up to human decision and/or will? Micro-freedom within macro-directives?

sovereignty, freedom, creativity, will

HebIntr

2003-01-11




The Christian ThinkTank...[http://www.Christian-thinktank.com] (Reference Abbreviations)